Recognising safeguarding concerns

All staff and volunteers working with adults at risk of abuse must know how to recognise abuse or neglect, and know who in their organisation they must report concerns to.

Safeguarding adults is everybody’s responsibility. If you recognise abuse or neglect, you must discuss it with your manager or your organisation’s safeguarding lead immediately.

In an emergency situation do not delay. If you are unable to contact your safeguarding lead, ring 999 for assistance.

What to do if you recognise abuse or neglect:

Telephone 0300 123 2224 (Monday to Friday 8am to 6pm, Saturday and Sunday closed)


or Complete the Professionals safeguarding referral form

The phone number for Adults and Mental Health out of hours is 01823 368 244

Referrers should be notified of the outcome of the referral in a timely manner.

At all points during a referral, and if applicable a subsequent enquiry, staff must ensure that they consider the views of the individual by Making Safeguarding Personal and document how they have done this, particularly where a decision is taken to override them.

An adult’s legal right to consent marks the fundamental difference between approaches in safeguarding adults and safeguarding children.

Empowerment involves a proactive approach to seeking consent, maximising the person’s involvement in decisions about who information is shared with, their care, safety and protection and this includes decisions regarding raising a Safeguarding concern.

Safeguarding Practitioners who co-ordinate the safeguarding adult process will ensure the adult at risk is involved appropriately, and that consent to actions required under the safeguarding process are discussed and negotiated with the individual as needed.  The following process for information sharing where there is safeguarding concern has been agreed by the Somerset Safeguarding Adults Board following the introduction of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR):

These can be complex decisions. If you are in any doubt you must either:

  • Seek the advice/ support of your line manager/supervisor or organisational safeguarding lead
  • Contact the Local Authority’s Adult Safeguarding Service
  • For staff who are in regulated professions, their own regulators and professional body will also offer advice and guidance in these instances

See also:

It is always essential in safeguarding to consider if the adult at risk is capable of giving informed consent. If they are, their consent should be sought. This may be in relation to whether they give consent to:

  • A safeguarding concern being raised. Where an adult at risk with capacity has made a decision that they do not want a concern to be raised and there are no public interest, legal restriction or duty of care considerations and nobody else is at risk, their wishes should be respected. The person must be given information, have the opportunity to consider the implications of their decision and understand the likely consequences of their decision over the short and long term
  • A Safeguarding Adults enquiry going ahead in response to a concern that has been raised. Where an adult at risk with capacity has made a decision that they do not want action to be taken and there are no public interest or vital interest considerations, their wishes must be respected. The person must be given information, have the opportunity to consider the risks and understand the likely consequences of their decision over the short and long term
  • An individual safeguarding plan being put in place
  • A medical examination
  • An interview
  • Certain decisions and actions taken during the Safeguarding Adults process with the person or with people who know about their abuse and its impact on the adult at risk.

This is not an exhaustive list

In addition, it is essential to consider the consent of the adult at risk to an activity that may be abusive – if consent to abuse or neglect was given under duress, for example, as a result of exploitation, pressure, fear or intimidation, this apparent consent should be disregarded.

If, after discussion with the adult at risk who has capacity, they refuse any intervention, their wishes will be respected unless:

  • There is a public interest, for example, not acting will put other adults or children at risk
  • There is a duty of care, public or vital interest, for example, a serious crime has been or may be committed                      

You must ensure that any concerns about the welfare or safety of an adult at risk of abuse or neglect are recorded and that any evidence of abuse or harm is preserved.

Ensure that all written records are dated, signed and stored confidentially and securely.

Written records should state the facts – what you have seen and heard. Opinions and assumptions must be avoided. The individual’s own comments should be written in their own words and not paraphrased or interpreted by the person recording the conversation. If the individual has stated what support they feel they need to be safe, or what outcomes they wish to achieve, these must also be recorded.

In cases of physical or sexual assault, try to persuade the individual not to wash, bathe or shower until the Police or doctor has seen them. Do not attempt to tidy or clean the immediate environment – leave things as you find them and await instructions from the investigation team. Gather as much information as you can.  Do not delay in making a referral, even if you do not have all of the information available.

This is the information collection stage which may lead on to a planning or adult at risk meeting or discussion.  This stage allows for information to be sought from the adult at risk and all involved partner agencies to ensure an informed decision is taken about whether to move to a safeguarding enquiry. This is essential to ensure the Safeguarding Practitioner can make an informed decision.

This stage should not be commenced if a criminal offence has occurred and is under investigation by the police without consultation with the police officer in charge of the investigation to discuss procedures and actions, what to do and when. The more serious the actual or possible offence, the greater the need to notify the police as soon as it is discovered.

There are occasions when the concerns raised do not require safeguarding intervention but may need signposting on appropriately for the person to receive help and or advice. Your organisation’s Safeguarding Lead can help with this.

It is important to discuss your concerns if you are not sure of next steps.

To do nothing is never an option.

Don’t know what something means?  Click below open a list of common terms and definitions:

Common terms and definitions